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The Black homeownership rate has rebounded modestly from recent lows, but remains below its early 2000s peak as racial disparities in the mortgage and housing markets widened throughout the early part of the pandemic, according to a Zillow analysis of data from the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA).

The mortgage denial rate was 84% higher for Black applicants than white applicants in 2020 (the latest year for which data is available), according to HMDA, up from 74% in 2019. Nationwide, 19.8% of Black applicants were denied a mortgage in 2020, the highest among races and much higher than the 10.7% of white applicants who are denied. Black applicants had the highest denial rates in Mississippi (31%), Louisiana (26.1%), Arkansas (26%) and South Carolina (25.8%).